If you’ve been abroad and admired the buildings over there, you’ve probably noticed how much they differ from ours. But, have you ever stopped and looked at the difference on show in their gardens? Quite possibly not. Cultural differences are rife throughout the world and it’s amazing to see how we change our outdoor space depending on our beliefs and global location.
Here, we look at how different societies tend to their gardens.
In Italy, their gardens focus on symmetry and traditional spaces are home to few flowers. You will mainly find evergreen plants that have been manicured into geometric hedges or topiaries. One thing the Italians are very fond of is covering their stone walls with foliage vines or climbing roses.
Gardens are commonly used for entertainment in Italy, so you are likely to find art work cladded throughout, including sculptures of gods and goddesses. On the patio, a lemon tree that has been potted in a stone urn is one of the nation’s favourites.
And, when it comes to a water feature, homes in Italy are fond of cooling effects of bubbling fountains, pools or cascades. Don’t be surprised to see water shoot out of hidden pipes if you’re walking along a garden path — this was a common feature in old Italy.
Indian gardens are different to anything that you’d see in Europe. Like so many other locations, India is known for its cultural diversity and this is evident in their colourful gardens. Thanks to the tropical weather India encounters, its garden plants can thrive and that is why so many homes will be filled to the brim with flowering plants.
One plant that’s popular is the Tulsi, Queen of Herbs, it appears throughout the country. It is thought of as the holiest and most cherished of the many healing and health-giving herbs that will be found in Hindu homes. Because of its holy status, it is planted in special pots and has earned a very special place in the country’s homes.
Indian garden owners are fond of roses too. They are said to bring happiness to your life — and they have the bonus of not requiring a lot of care. With cultural references throughout horticulture, money plants are also considered a lucky plant and there will be likely spots with them if you are to observe an Indian garden.
Australian gardens depend on the region. The Outback for example will differ immensely — we will focus on the suburban areas of Australia since more than 80% of the nation’s population lives in cities or bigger towns.
Because of the enjoyable weather, many Australians place outdoor living as a top priority. Lawns are becoming less important, with studies showing that a third of outdoor renovation projects are either reducing this space or removing it entirely. Decks, pergolas, terraces and verandahs are springing up in their place and almost half of the projects are incorporating a barbecue area into their plans.
When it comes to planting, homeowners are keen to stick with floral displays that are native to Australia, or those that are drought-tolerant. For the lucky ones, an outdoor pool is a luxurious addition to the outdoor space, so you can cool down with a splash about.
People who live in South Africa love being outdoors. Be it their own space or elsewhere, they are known to feel at home in open space. Ideas that are often noticeable in South African gardens are increasingly becoming more noticeable across the globe.
It’s not uncommon for South Africans to have a shaded area to hide away from the glaring sunshine. This could include shade-loving shrubs and perennials that have a walkway passing through, which adds to the serenity. They are also very fond of the wildlife. Whether it’s inviting our flying friends in for a drink of freshwater or providing nectar-loving birds with plants that delight them, they set up features to help entice the wildlife into the garden — similarly to how we do in Britain.
In the United States
Referred to as a yard in America, a garden in the US is usually larger than European outdoor spaces. Studies have shown that Americans are now growing more food in their gardens than ever before, meaning vegetable patches are becoming increasingly popular.
It was reported that, in 2009, the White House even planted its first vegetable since the Second World War and, by 2013, a third of the American public were growing their own food in the backyards.
Multilevel gardens are common stateside too. Composite decking is commonly used in spaces that are on a slope in order to provide a flat surface area to host those elusive barbecues, or to overlook your garden.
In the UK
One thing that British people hold highly when they’re buying a property is garden space. Research claims we will fork out up to £11,500 more on a home with a garden. For some, a garden is more valuable than an extra bedroom, meaning that even those of us who aren’t exactly green fingered love a bit of outdoor space to call our own. We pine for that perfect lawn, shed and relaxation area with a sun lounger – often on a raised area of decking boards.
When it comes to size, the average UK garden is 15 metres long and consists of 10 different varieties of flowers and, of course, a garden gnome — is a garden really complete without one? The most popular floral displays include tulips, rose lavender and bluebells, all of which add colour to a vibrant space.
To complete the perfect UK garden, add a greenhouse, birdbath and washing line. Unfortunately, though, we normally only spend 12 hours each month in our garden due to the nation’s temperamental weather and our busy lifestyles.
Garlic is common here too. It’s a worthy addition to herb gardens and the flowers bloom even under duress.
We can see that, no matter where in the world you are, the garden is an important part of your home. While some use it for luxury, others believe certain plants can bring good fortune on the family.